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What is COVID-19 and how can I protect myself?

The 2019 Chinese flu pandemic has been traced back to a novel virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). In 2019, this illness was identified as a coronavirus illness (COVID-19).

The pandemic status of COVIR-19 was announced by the World Health Organization in March of 2020. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States are keeping tabs on the epidemic and providing information online. Furthermore, these organizations have provided guidance on how to stop the transmission of the COVID-19 virus.

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How does the coronavirus spread?

The majority of cases of COVID-19 have been documented in households with close contacts. Droplets expelled when the infected person’s coughing, sneezing, breathing, singing, or talking are the vectors for the virus’s propagation. Some adjacent individual is at risk if any of these droplets are inhaled or fall in their mouth, nose, or eyes.

Airborne transmission occurs when the COVID-19 virus is breathed in by an infected individual and then settles on their skin.

Furthermore, the virus may be transferred by touching an infected surface and then touching your own mouth, nose, or eyes. However, the potential for harm is minimal.

Even if they don’t feel sick, someone who is infected with the COVID-19 virus may still distribute it to others. It’s termed “asymptomatic transmission” when there are no obvious signs of the disease. Asymptomatic carriers of the COVID-19 virus may potentially propagate the disease. Presymptomatic transmission describes this occurrence.

COVID-19 may be caught more than once.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

When infected with COVID-19, symptoms may range from hardly noticeable to life-threatening. Symptoms aren’t always present. Flu-like symptoms, such as high body temperature, coughing, extreme fatigue, and an inability to detect odours or flavours, are typical.

Breathing problems, muscular discomfort, chills, a sore throat, a headache, chest pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, and nausea are some of the other possible symptoms. As you can see, this is not an exhaustive list. There have also been reports of a few other, less frequent symptoms. Two to fourteen days after exposure, symptoms may begin.

Can COVID-19 be prevented?

In the United States, various COVID-19 vaccines have been licensed or granted emergency use authorization by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). To protect those 12 and above from contracting COVID-19, the Food and Drug Administration has authorized the use of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, renamed Comirnaty. The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine has been issued emergency use authorization by the FDA for children aged 6 months to 11 years. The vaccine formerly known as Moderna has been renamed Spikevax and received FDA approval for use in adults 18 and older to prevent COVID-19. The Moderna COVID-19 vaccination for ages 6 months to 17 has been granted emergency use authorization by the FDA. Novavax COVID-19, an adjuvant vaccination for persons aged 12 and above, has also been approved by the FDA. A vaccination against COVID-19 may either protect against contracting the virus altogether or mitigate the severity of any COVID-19-related illness.

Those who have previously been immunized but may not have mounted an adequate immune response are encouraged to have a second main dose of COVID-19 vaccine.

Those who have been vaccinated but whose immune response has waned over time may benefit from a booster shot. According to the findings of this study, a boost dosage may significantly reduce the likelihood of contracting and suffering from severe COVID-19 sickness.

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Should I wear a mask?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises everyone to use masks. Whether or whether you’ve been vaccinated, the CDC advises you to cover your nose and mouth while you’re inside public buildings if you live in an area with a high number of individuals with COVID-19 in the hospital and new instances of COVID-19.

People who aren’t sick with the virus but may transfer it by touching others may be able to assist if they wear masks in public. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises using the most effective mask you can find that you will also be willing to wear on a regular basis. Most effective are respirators like the nonsurgical N95s. After a full face shield, KN95s and medical masks provide the next greatest degree of safety. Cloth masks are not as effective as plastic ones. Health care workers, according to the CDC, should be the only ones allowed to use surgical N95 masks.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say that being vaccinated makes it safer to resume many routine activities that you may have had to suspend during the epidemic. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises wearing a mask indoors if you live in an area with a high number of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 or new cases of COVID-19. Two weeks after receiving a second dose of either the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine or the Novavax COVID-19 vaccine, you will be deemed completely immunized against the virus. Two weeks after receiving a single dose of the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine, you will have achieved complete immunization. If you have had all of the prescribed COVID-19 vaccinations, including any necessary boosters, by the time you are eligible, you will be deemed fully vaccinated.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that passengers on aeroplanes, buses, trains, and other public transportation systems wear face masks.

Can I travel?

Do your research on travel warnings and take sensible safety measures before venturing out. If you have preexisting problems that put you at increased risk for respiratory infections and consequences, you may wish to consult with your doctor.

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