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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever, called “dengue,” is an extremely painful and debilitating illness spread by mosquitoes and caused by any of four related dengue viruses. West Nile virus and yellow fever virus are closely linked to these viruses.

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An annual global incidence of 400 million dengue infections and 96 million subsequent cases of sickness is expected. The danger is highest in the following regions, all of which are located in the tropics:

  • The Indian subcontinent
  • Southeast Asia
  • Southern China
  • Taiwan
  • The Pacific Islands
  • The Caribbean (except Cuba and the Cayman Islands)
  • Mexico
  • Africa
  • Central and South America (except Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina)

Travelers are responsible for the vast majority of instances in the United States. However, the threat is growing, especially for those who live in the border regions of the southern United States, such as Texas and Mexico. Hawaii saw a dengue virus epidemic in 2014, following on the heels of 2013 outbreaks in Brownsville, Texas, and Key West, Florida.

Aedes mosquitoes may spread dengue disease to humans via their bites. When a mosquito bites a person whose blood contains dengue virus, it gets the disease. One person cannot infect another without an intermediary.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Symptoms may appear four to six days after infection and can linger for up to ten days.

  • Sudden, high fever
  • Severe headaches
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nazsea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever
  • Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)

Occasionally, the symptoms are mild enough to be misdiagnosed as the common cold or another viral illness. Cases tend to be less severe in younger children and in those who have never had the illness previously. On the other hand, major issues might emerge. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is one such condition; it’s an uncommon complication marked by a high temperature, damaged lymph and blood arteries, bleeding from the nose and mouth, liver enlargement, and circulatory failure. The condition may worsen to the point of fatal bleeding, shock, or both. Dengue shock syndrome describes this condition (DSS).

Those with compromised immune systems and those who have previously been infected with dengue are thought to be at a higher risk of getting dengue hemorrhagic fever.

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How to Recover Fast

The Aedes mosquito, which may carry the dengue virus, is responsible for the spread of dengue disease. Since there are currently no antiviral drugs or particular treatments for treating dengue fever, therapy focuses on alleviating the symptoms.

In order to minimize dehydration caused by high fever, poor oral intake, or vomiting, we recommend that dengue patients rest and drink enough of fluids. Take paracetamol to bring down the temperature and ease the discomfort in your joints. Dr. Pushpalatha Bangalore Lingegowda, a Senior Consultant in the Department of Infectious Disease at Sengkang General Hospital (SKH), a member of the SingHealth group, advised against the use of pain medications like aspirin and ibuprofen because of the risk of bleeding issues they provide.

The incubation period for dengue fever ranges from 2 to 7 days. Dengue fever is treatable, and most patients may avoid hospitalization by following certain guidelines.

4 Things to do to recover from dengue fever fast

1. Maintain adequate hydration

Maintain your body’s water balance by consuming lots of liquids such as water, isotonic drinks, fruit juices, and soup. Keep away from caffeinated beverages, alcoholic beverages, and sugary soft drinks that might lead to dehydration. Fluids may be administered intravenously through drip if you are nauseous or vomiting and unable to consume.

2. Keep symptoms under control

Paracetamol reduces fever and discomfort in muscles and joints. Nausea, vomiting, and itching rashes may all be treated with medication. Rashes normally resolve on their own over two to three weeks.

Aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen, and mefenamic acid are just some of the pain medicines and NSAIDs you should stay away from since they might induce gastric ulcers and intestinal bleeding. Some of these drugs may cause blood thinning, which might increase the risk of bleeding and perhaps need hospitalization in the event of an accident. If uncertain, please visit your doctor.

3. Avoid bleeding

Keep from injuring yourself more by staying in bed and resting; this will help prevent additional blood loss. Intramuscular injections should be avoided. If you suffer bleeding, bruising or swellings while recuperating from dengue fever, please call your doctor or nurse immediately.

4. Foods to eat and avoid

Dr. Pushpalatha was questioned about healing meals, and he said, “There is no one list of foods that should be consumed or avoided; nonetheless, the usual advice given to those who are unwell holds true, such as staying away from raw, oily, fat, and spicy foods. Light and simple to digest diet is suggested when one is ill.”

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